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Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

What's Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)?

Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is one of the effective talk therapy that helps an individual to deal with the psychological issues by improving their way of thinking and behaving. 

How does Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) help?

As per the researchers, an individual’s sensations such as thinking, feeling and functioning are interconnected. When an individual experiences psychological problems such as relationship issues, financial breakdowns or mental health issues. It traps them into an vicious cycle of negative biased thoughts. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) aims to break those vicious cycle into small pieces and educate the individual to cope with their psychological issues by providing them the necessary coping skills. 

How Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) sessions works?

During the therapy sessions, the individual and the mental health counselor (psychotherapist or therapist) work together in a structured and a collaborative manner involving a number of sessions to develop a clear understanding of the underlying problem and derive a treatment strategy and coping skills.

The person is given exercises and activities during the sessions to help him/her develop appropriate coping skills and change their thinking, emotions, problematic behavior. Through these coping skills, the person learns to manage the negative cycle of thoughts and overwhelming conditions that are causing the issue so that they can view challenging situations more clearly and respond to them in a more effective way.

What illnesses does CBT addresses?

Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a effective therapy that addresses most of mental health conditions. Listed below are some of the illnesses that can be addressed through Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), 

  • Depression

  • Stress 

  • Anxiety

  • Panic attack

  • Chronic pain

  • Sleep disorders

  • Eating disorders

  • Obsessive- Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

  • Phobias

  • Addiction-related issues

cognitive behavioural therapy near me

              Types of Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)

              The type of CBT treatment that is chosen by the  counselor or the therapist depends on the kind of issue being focused.  Following are some of the types in Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) that may  includes,

              Behavior Therapy (BT)

              In the field of mental health, Behavior Therapy (BT) is the first form of psychoanalytic approach that to be proven scientifically. The interventions of Behavior Therapy (BT) includes communication, social skill training and behavioural activation. This therapy highly focuses on individual’s anxiety and mood related issues such as depression, stress, social phobia and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD).

              Cognitive Therapy (CT)

              This therapy targets the irrational thought patterns of the recovering individual. Using this interventional therapy, a person can cope with the unrealistic and self-defeating thoughts. Furthermore, by exploring the rational thoughts the individual learns to develop the skill to deal with the symptoms. Cognitive Therapy (CT) is effective against the illnesses such as phobias, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD). 

              Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

              According to the research studies, CBT is one of the most effective psychotherapy treatment. CBT is an integration of  Behavior Therapy (BT) and Cognitive Therapy (CT). Here, the counselor focuses on the individual’s emotional conflicts and educate them with coping skills that improves the state of mind. Through CBT an individual can manage illnesses such as Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), sleep problems and addiction-related issues. 

              Third Generation or third wave CBT

              The intervention techniques that are mentioned above (CB, BT, CBT) are the traditional approaches which deals with thoughts, actions, and behaviours. Whereas, the third wave or third generation CBT’s focuses on other strength based components such as alternate controls, acceptance, balancing and mindfulness. 

              Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)

              ACT  is a therapy that is completely based on a research theory called Relational Frame Theory (RFT) which aims on the human language and cognition. Here the counselor or therapist works with the counselee to accept and understand their difficulty with their emotions. Later, With the aid of  ACT approach, the medical professional helps them to self-identify the coping technique to overcome the difficulties. By learning the right coping techniques and with good set of value based actions the person learns to manage and handle the issue in a better way.  

              Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)

              Dialectical- means balancing the opposite position or finding balance. DBT is a specific type of psychotherapy that helps the people to balance their intense emotions. This third generation therapy’s approach follows the similar pattern of CBT’s approach. In this therapy, the counselor works with the counselee to recognize and accept their emotional distress. Later, they  learns to change their approach and balance towards their conflicts. DBT can be effective with the disorders such as mood disorders, ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder), BPD (Borderline Personality Disorder) and PTSD (Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder). 

              Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT)

              MBCT is a altered form of CBT where the person learns mindfulness based practices such as breathing technique and meditation exercise. In all other CBT ’s approaches the aim is to focus on the individual ’s reactions to the various situations. But in MBCT, the therapy completely focuses on the individual’s thoughts to the situations. The therapist helps the individual to break down the patterns of negative thoughts by making them aware of the thoughts and situations around them. MBCT is effective with depressive disorders, anxiety disorders, and PTSD.

              Integrative Couples Behavior Therapy (ICBT)

              Integrative Couples Behavior Therapy (ICBT) is complete evidence-based therapy that is designed specially for couples. Effective tools like empathic listening encourages the couples to have a better understanding amongst one another and improve their relationship that emphasizes bonding. 

              Things To Know Before Starting CBT Treatment:

              All the sessions are strictly confidential, safe and secured, unless there could be harm to self or another person.
              All the therapeutic approaches are evidence based.
              The number of session last between 8 to 20.
              The therapy is generally offered on a weekly or fortnightly basis.

               Listed below are some of the illnesses that can be treated through  Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) ,

              • Depression

              • Stress 

              • Anxiety

              • Panic attack

              • Chronic pain

              • Sleep disorders

              • Eating disorders

              • Obsessive- Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

              • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

              • Phobias

              • Addiction -related issues